Kazakhstan does not Recognise the Donetsk and Lugansk Decision
Deputy Prime Minister evaluated his country’s approach to the developments in Donetsk following the weekly meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers of Kazakhstan. Tileuberdi pointed out that the Kazakhstan Security Council will convene with the agenda in the coming hours and said, “I can assure you that there is no recognition of the Donetsk People’s Republic and the Lugansk People’s Republic by Kazakhstan. We are based on international law and the United Nations resolution principles. The situation is getting worse, so we call the international community for a diplomatic solution. Kazakhstan is ready for it.”
In January 2022, Kazakhstan experienced an uprising named "Bloody January". The protests that began peacefully turned into violent riots. A total of 227 people were killed, and over 9,900 were arrested. President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev declared a state of emergency while Mamin Cabinet resigned. In response to Tokayev’s request, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) – a military alliance of Russia, Armenia, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan itself –deployed troops in Kazakhstan. President Putin described the events as a “foreign-backed terrorist uprising” and promised leaders of other ex-Soviet states that CSTO would protect them too.
Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom are the three signatories of the 1994 Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances. The Memorandum provides territorial integrity or political independence assurances to Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine in exchange for nuclear weapons they have in possession since the collapse of the USSR. Three countries gave up their nuclear weapons between 1994 and 1996.
After the annexation of Crimea by Russia in 2014, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the U.K. and the U.S. stated that Russian involvement was a breach of its Budapest Memorandum obligations to Ukraine. Russian President Putin described the situation in 2014 in Ukraine as a revolution said, “a new state arises, but with this state and in respect to this state, we have not signed any obligatory documents.”